Kurdish Kurmanji, is the most common of the Northern Kurdish dialects of the Middle East, spoken in “Kurdistan”, southeast Turkey, northwest Iran, northern Iraq and northern Syria and the Soviet Union.
The Kurds make up the fourth-largest ethnic group in the Middle East, united through race, culture and language.
Kurds have almost never had a country of their own. “Kurdistan” is the mountainous area where the borders of Iraq, Iran, and Turkey meet, although not officially an independent state.
Kurdish Kurmanji uses the latin script, whereas Sorani Kurdish uses the Arabic script. The Kurdish language is related to Persian (or Farsi), the language spoken in Iran, and like Persian, has borrowed many words from the Arabic language.
Its eclectic language reflects its tapestry past, making it a living lesson in Kurdish culture and history.