The Basque country is a region that spans borders, and is one of the oldest communities in Europe, located in northern Spain and southwestern France and straddling the Pyrenees Mountains. Basque culture has always emphasized innovation, while maintaining strong cultural roots. Did you know? Basque, or Euskara, was once a language on the brink of extinction and is now spoken by approximately one million people worldwide. Spanish is the other official language in the Basque region.