Learn Kirghiz, also spelt as Kyrgyz, one of the two official languages of Kyrgyzstan, along with Russian, with Uzbek also thrown into the mix for good measure.

Kyrgyzstan is a Central Asian country weaving along the Silk Road, the ancient trade route between China and the Mediterranean. Its ancient trading history means its people are extremely hospitable, and love to interact and entertain visitors to their country.  A few words of Kirghiz will go a long way to reciprocating this friendliness.

The further you get from the city and the deeper you go into the mountains, the more you will hear Russian fade and Kirghiz take over!The Tian Shan mountains, which surround the ancient caravan route and tower over the country, are home to snow leopards, lynx and sheep.